Thirty thousand handprints covered the banner, which measured 15m wide by 27m long. They symbolised calls for Indonesians to quit smoking or consuming tobacco in other ways.
Residents of Surakarta, many of them young people, created the banner to mark the city's World No Tobacco Day gathering on May 31st.
"We collected as many as 30,000 handprints to refresh our commitment to oppose tobacco," said 16-year old participant Yuli Nindyawati."I think this is a good activity not only for youth, but for everyone to remind us of the dangers of tobacco use."
The local government, various non-governmental organisations, health practitioners, educators and students supported the event, sponsored by the Community of Lung Health (BBKPM) and the Hospital Association of the Lung Health Centre in Surakarta.
Surakarta Deputy Mayor Ahmad Purnomo was among those who rallied and spoke out against the dangers of lighting up.
"I invite the people of Surakarta to stay away from cigarettes," he said. "Let's get used to a healthy lifestyle. I encourage everyone to give up smoking. We can do this because we care for each other."
Surakarta resident Riana Dewi, 29, agreed, expressing her pleasure with the all-out effort to help people break the habit.
"It is wrong to say that smoking is part of our culture, especially after we know all of the negative impacts for ourselves and for those around us that we love?" Riana asked.
According to Surakarta Chief Medical Officer Wahyuningsih Siti, handprints were collected on the banner beginning on May 25th. The creators received an award from the Indonesia World Record Museum (MURI) on June 1st.
The local government provides a special programme aimed at reducing the impact of cigarette smoke, Wahyuningsih said. Since 2011, city offices provide smoking areas for active smokers. There are now 25 such smoker-designated areas, she said.
The government began enforcing a smoking ban during its Car-Free Day on Jalan Slamet Riyadi, held every Sunday morning. Its health message to youths is clear.
"We should continue to remind our children. This effort will be important to help Indonesia's future," Surakarta regional secretary Budi Suharto said.